Molla Fəzləli

Molla Fəzləli

Jalil Mammadguluzadeh / Feb 26, 2020

Molla F zl li None

  • Title: Molla Fəzləli
  • Author: Jalil Mammadguluzadeh
  • ISBN: null
  • Page: 346
  • Format: None
  • None

    • Free Read [Contemporary Book] ✓ Molla Fəzləli - by Jalil Mammadguluzadeh ✓
      346 Jalil Mammadguluzadeh
    • thumbnail Title: Free Read [Contemporary Book] ✓ Molla Fəzləli - by Jalil Mammadguluzadeh ✓
      Posted by:Jalil Mammadguluzadeh
      Published :2019-07-23T09:11:15+00:00

    About "Jalil Mammadguluzadeh"

      • Jalil Mammadguluzadeh

        Jalil Huseyngulu oglu Mammadguluzadeh Azerbaijani C lil M mm dquluzad 22 February 1866, Nakhchivan City 4 January 1932, Baku was an Azerbaijani satirist and writer Mammadguluzadeh was born in Nakhchivan into an Iranian Azeri merchant family from Khoy In 1887, he graduated from the Gori Pedagogical Seminary and for the next ten years was involved in teaching at rural schools in Bash Norashen, Ulukhanli, Nehram and other towns and villages of the Erivan Governorate Mammadguluzadeh was a strong activist of the language unification movement He condemned many of his contemporaries for corrupting the Azeri language replacing its genuine vocabulary with the newly introduced Russian, Persian and Ottoman Turkish loanwords, often alien and confusing to many readers Later he became deeply involved in the process of romanization of the Azeri alphabet In 1898, he moved to Erivan in 1903, he moved to Tiflis where he became a columnist for the local Sharqi Rus newspaper published in the Azeri language In 1906, he founded the Molla Nasraddin satirical magazine Frequent military conflicts and overall political instability in the Caucasus forced him to move to Tabriz, Iran, where he continued his career as a chief editor and columnist for Molla Nasraddin He eventually settled in Baku in 1921 In 1905, Mammadguluzadeh and his companions purchased a printing house in Tiflis, and in 1906 he became the editor of the new Molla Nasraddin illustrated satirical magazine The magazine was Mammadguluzadeh s greatest contribution to Azeri culture, further pursuing the development of critical realism among the Azeri literati The magazine accurately portrayed social and economic realities of the early 20th century society and backward norms and practices common in the Caucasus In 1921 after Molla Nasraddin was banned in Russia in 1917 , Mammadguluzadeh published 8 issues of the magazine in Tabriz, Iran After Sovietization, the printing house was moved to Baku, where Molla Nasraddin was published until 1931 Mammadguluzadeh s satirical style influenced the development of this genre in Iran In 1907, the twice widowed Jalil Mammadguluzadeh married Azerbaijani philanthropist and feminist activist Hamida Javanshir He died in Baku, in 1932 A drama theatre in Nakhchivan, a street in Baku, the city of Jalilabad former Astrakhan Bazaar and the town of Jalilkand former Bash Norashen were named after him.His religious views are disputed Some sources claims that the Mammadguluzadeh was an atheist while some other argue that he was supporting Muslim democracy with being critical of the extremists and the ignorance of the religion Due to his harsh criticisms of religion Jalil sometimes was even threatened to death by extremists Azeri philosopher Agalar Mammedov, who is atheist himself also claims that Mammadguluzadeh had no religion Jalil Mammadguluzadeh wrote in various genres, including short stories, novels, essays, and dramatics His first significant short story, The Disappearance of the Donkey part of his Stories from the village of Danabash series , written in 1894 and published in 1934, touched upon social inequality In his later works The Postbox, The Iranian Constitution, Gurban Ali bey, The Lamb, etc , as well as in his famous comedies The Corpses and The Madmen Gathering he ridiculed corruption, snobbery, ignorance, religious fanaticism, etc.In addition to his mother tongue Azeri, he was also proficient in Persian and Russian languages After Molla Nasreddin, Mammadguluzadeh published several other stories including Freedom in Iran.


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