Anatomia distructivităţii umane

Anatomia distructivităţii umane

Erich Fromm Oana Maria Nica / Dec 07, 2019

Anatomia distructivit ii umane Care sunt r d cinile agresivit ii umane Cum putem explica resorturile r zboaielor sau ale regimurilor opresive Pornirile noastre violente in de animalitatea noastr ori constituie mai cur nd o determ

  • Title: Anatomia distructivităţii umane
  • Author: Erich Fromm Oana Maria Nica
  • ISBN: 9786067193848
  • Page: 266
  • Format: Paperback
  • Care sunt r d cinile agresivit ii umane Cum putem explica resorturile r zboaielor sau ale regimurilor opresive Pornirile noastre violente in de animalitatea noastr ori constituie, mai cur nd, o determinant cultural ncerc nd s i croiasc o cale dincolo de instinctualismul lui Konrad Lorenz i al neodarwini tilor i dincolo de behaviorismul lui Skinner pentru carCare sunt r d cinile agresivit ii umane Cum putem explica resorturile r zboaielor sau ale regimurilor opresive Pornirile noastre violente in de animalitatea noastr ori constituie, mai cur nd, o determinant cultural ncerc nd s i croiasc o cale dincolo de instinctualismul lui Konrad Lorenz i al neodarwini tilor i dincolo de behaviorismul lui Skinner pentru care violen a este o condi ionare strict social , Fromm distinge ntre dou chipuri fundamental diferite ale agresivit ii Dac , pe de o parte, se poate vorbi despre o agresivitate defensiv sau de supravie uire, mo tenit pe linie biologic , pe de cealalt parte descoperim agresivitatea malign , pura distructivitate, care incit la violen din motive ce rezid n caracterul uman Consider nd o ca pe o deformare a personalit ii, i nu ca pe un dat inevitabil al naturii umane, Fromm descrie patima distructivit ii trec nd prin visele pacien ilor lui Freud, prin sadismul birocratic al lui Stalin i ncheind cu necrofilia lui Hitler.Prezenta carte constituie cea mai nchegat construc ie teoretic a lui Erich Fromm, combin nd date din neurofiziologie, antropologie, preistorie, etologie i, mai ales, psihanaliz Este un volum de referin pentru tiin ele sociale, dar i un r spuns n cheie critic umanist la pesimismul lumii de azi.

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    About "Erich Fromm Oana Maria Nica"

      • Erich Fromm Oana Maria Nica

        Erich Fromm was a German born U.S psychoanalyst and social philosopher who explored the interaction between psychology and society His works include The Art of Loving Love, Sexuality, and Matriarchy and Man for Himself He died in 1980.Fromm s theory is a rather unique blend of Freud and Marx Freud, of course, emphasized the unconscious, biological drives, repression, and so on In other words, Freud postulated that our characters were determined by biology Marx, on the other hand, saw people as determined by their society, and most especially by their economic systems.


    1. "ما دام المرء يعتقد أن الإنسان الشرير يحمل قرنين، فإنه لن يكتشف شريراً."بدأت حكايتي مع معرفة أسباب العنف البشري، بعد قرائتي لما يزيد على 60 رواية لكاتبة الجريمة أغاثا كريستي، فبدأ البحث بكتاب ممدوح عدوان، حيونة الإنسان، ويُعتبراً مدخلاً مبسّطاً إلى هذا العلم، وبعده كتاب كولن [...]

    2. ‎دوستانِ گرانقدر، <اریک فروم> در این کتاب اغتشاش و ویران سازی را جز به جز و دقیق شرح داده است‎عزیزانم، زمانی که انسان امید به زندگی و عشق به زندگی را از دست میدهد، یکی از نتایجِ خشنِ آن "ویران سازی و اغتشاش" است انسان بدونِ امید قادر به زندگی کردن نیست زمانی که امید به زندگی [...]

    3. I would recommend anyone to read any of Fromm's work. This man to me, his contributions to psychology and to the understanding of the world and the human condition eclipse those of Freud and Jung. Just saying. This book gets to the questions of why things are so screwed up, why are people so violent and aggressive? I like his answers, it's a maladjusted attempt to deal with life, one way is the nihilistic (destroy that which I don't understand) or the sadistic (control that which I don't underst [...]

    4. هذا الكتاب هو الأطول لإيريك فروم، ويبحث في سؤال (هل الإنسان تدميري أو عدواني بفطرته). ‏يجيب الكاتب تفصيلاً عن هذا، ويناقش معارضًا في الجزء الأوّل أقوال من يرى ذلك بالتفصيل. ثمّ يشرع في التفريق بين ‏نوعين من العدوانية (الخبيثة وغير الخبيثة)، موضحًا أنّ العدوانية الدفاعية مثل [...]

    5. I got this book for 3.5 $ one day as I was walking on the street, and a guy was selling those on the sidewalk. The book called out after me, the title was very attractive, but I never thought it would be such an amazing read! That was back in 2010, I believe. I used this book as a reference for many papers that I wrote, it made me love psychology even more. I shall reread it again this year.

    6. My FIRST reading of this book was when it was first published in 1973. And now I read it again. I had read other books by Erich Fromm and was reading different approaches to Psychology. It is said that Fromm was a pioneer in theoretical works with "deep insight" into the the human psyche. As you can see by the title, he explores the dark side of the huiman psyche with quotes, references, comparisons, and rebuttals of the works of others. In the last part of this text, he discusses, "Malignant Ag [...]

    7. Unfortunately, more relevant today than when I first read (early seventies). It seems everything is going a bit backwards.

    8. يحلل فروم في هذا الكتاب النزعة التدميرية البشرية من جانب فريد يركز على العوامل الاجتماعية في تكوين الشخصية التدميرية المتطرفة،و من امثلتها النكروفيليا و السادية و المازوخية و غيرها من اقنعة التدميرية البشرية،كما يقدم فروم نقد شاملا للغريزيين من ناحية و للسلوكيين من ناحية [...]

    9. نزوع الانسان نحو التدمير هو طبع تُخلق له كل الظروف لكي يتطبعه بني البشر في عصر "الانسان الحديث"وليس بغريزة تحكمنا لا مفر منها خُلقت معنا لتلازم الانسان نحو "مصير محتوم وهو الفناء"

    10. "The position taken in this book is one of rational faith in man's capacity to extricate himself from what seems the fatal web of circumstances that he has created. It is the position of those who are neither "optimists" nor "pessimists," but radicals who have rational faith in man's ability to avoid the ultimate catastrophe. This humanist radicalism goes to the roots, and thus to the causes; it seeks to liberate man from the chains of illusions; it postulates that fundamental changes are necess [...]

    11. Fromm immediately endeared himself to me with this epigraph: "When I look at history I am a pessimist but when I look at prehistory I am an optimist." (Incidentally, this was taken out of context. The writer, JC Smuts, actually only likes prehistory because he believes it shows how far we've come. Quite contrary to the point Fromm is making.)The first and shortest part of the book is dedicated to a discussion of psychological theory (Instinctivism vs. Behaviorism), and, not being a psychologist, [...]

    12. This a book showing that human is more violent than animal. The more "civilized", the more violent he becomes. When reading this book, I remember a National Geographic episode showing the most dangerous cat variety. Can you imagine that tiger and lion are second to house-cat? House cat kills anything, while tiger and lion merely kill their food. Just like human, don't you think?

    13. We need to create the conditions that would make the growth of man, this unfinished and uncompleted being - unique in nature - the supreme goal of all social arrangements. Genuine freedom and independence and the end of all forms of exploitative control are the conditions for mobilizing the love of life, which is the only force that can defeat the love for the dead.It is much easier to get excited by anger, rage, cruelty, or the passion to destroy than by love and productive and active interest, [...]

    14. During the summer between college and my first graduate school I worked as a security guard for Chicago's Womens' Athletic Club on Ontario and Michigan Avenues in the Gold Coast area. The job had been obtained for me, and others of our friends, by Mike and Tom Miley whose mother, Helen, was working as the business manager there. After graduating from seminary she was kind enough to employ me again until I found more regular work.The position at the club was a peach. My duties consisted of guardi [...]

    15. كتاب تشريح التدميرية البشرية لعالم الاجتماع الكبير ايريك فروم ربما يكون أطول كتاب قرأته في علم النفس والاجتماع ولكنه في الوقت نفسه افضل كتاب يمكن أن تقرأه إذا كنت تريد أن تعرف سبب وجود التدميرية البشرية اي ميل البشر للتدمير والقتل وتعذيب الآخرين الكتاب طويل جدا جدا ولذلك قر [...]

    16. Kattava kuvaus ihmisen aggressiivisuudesta, sen juurista, syistä ja kehityksestä niin yksilö- kuin lajinkin tasolla. Esimerkkeinä Stalin, Himmler ja Hitler. Näkökulmana sosiaalipsykologia, humanistisuus ja toiveikkuus.

    17. من أجمل التجارب المعرفية التي خبرتها. رحلة دامت ستة شهور قرأت فيها الكتاب بتأن للتركيز تارةً وللإبقاء على هذه التجربة أطول فترة ممكنةكنت أقرأ مقاطعًا من الكتاب لمن يهمه الأمر أقرأ لزوجتي وأصدقائي وكل من شاركته بنتيجة استفدتها من الكتاب تجربة عظيمة انتهت في عيد الحب!

    18. I've read this one several times and often re-read specific parts. His analysis of the human condition is both insightful and inciteful. Nota bene his take on the cybernetic society and the sado-masochistic character.

    19. I love it whenever a book corrects my perspectives by debunking all my wrong preconceptions regarding things I believed were axiomatic. For example, I believed that humanity was more violent during prehistoric times because individuals had to compete for food and resources. Erich Fromm, in this comprehensive work regarding man's perversions toward destruction, actually cites copious sources from prominent anthropologists that simply disagree with this belief: 'the art of war develops only late i [...]

    20. Erich Frommin Tuhoava ihminen ei ole täydellinen kirja, mutta suositeltavaa luettavaa jokaiselle, joka haluaa ymmärtää miksi sivistynyt kulttuuri tuntuu olevan joskus niin täynnä ahdistusta. Se on psykologinen tutkielma, jonka suurin ansio on menneisyyden psykologisten teorioiden kumoaminen ja uusien suuntaviivojen luominen.Kirjailija toteaa teoksessaan, etteivät ihmisen tekoja määrää yksinomaan perinnölliset seikat tai yksinomaan ympäristö, vaan ihminen on yhdistelmä kumpaakin se [...]

    21. أهم ما يميز هذا الكتاب هو مقاربة إيريك بين مجتمع النحل والقتل الممنهج فيه للذكور من أجل الحفاظ على مخزون الطعام وهذه نزعة اكتسبها الانسان ايضا خصوصًا مع النهج الاقتصادي للرأسمالية التي تعمل تراكم رأس المال وهذا ما يلزم للقتل والعبودية لشعوب أخرى لتوفير مخزون مادي لفئة قليل [...]

    22. دراسه متبحره لاسباب العنف وهل هو غريزي في الانسان ان مكتسب ،تعرض ف البدايه للتظريات التي تدعي كونه غريزي ،وتصدى لها بالنقد .ثم عرض نظريته حول انواع العدوان ،وحول العواطف المتأصله وجوديا ال بتشبع عند عدم الاسوياء بالسلوكيات والطباع العدوانيه .اهم ما في الدراسه فصل اسمه عدوان [...]

    23. Creation and destruction, love and hate, these are not merely binary categories,but instincts that exist co-dependently. They are the same answer to the basic human needfor transcendence; the will to destroy arises when the will to create cannot be satisfied.The need to create leads to happiness, while destruction leads to suffering. RecastingFreud’s life and death instincts into biophilia versus necrophilia, we see that our mostevil, or most sublime manifestations of behavior are not due to o [...]

    24. Объёмная и довольно сложная книга со множеством ссылок и цитат. Фромм, успешно полемизируя с инстинктивистами (в частности, с Лоренцом), утверждает, что человеческая агрессия - иного происхождения, чем у других видов животных, и весьма убедительно, на мой взгляд, доказывает [...]

    25. Como criminólogo, las hipótesis de Fromm dejan mucho que desear (aunque entiendo que su postura es puramente psicoanalítica). Intentar explicar la destructividad como una manera de sobrellevar la angustia existencial es totalmente ridículo; su teoría sobre el carácter necrófilo carece de bases cientificas que lo sustenten; y por ultimo, el análisis del carácter de Hitler se basa 70% en especulaciones de Speer durante su comunicación personal. Si algo he de rescatar de este libro es que [...]

    26. Knjiga bitna za razumevanje mnogih procesa savremenog društva, naročito njen drugi deo koji se bavi tipovima agresije, vezanim sa ličnostima diktatora, poput Hitlera , Staljina, Himlera. From je uspeo da osvetli najmračnije kutke njihove duše, da im ličnosti klasifikuje karakterološki, i objasni nama van struke psihologije, kako i zašto je došlo do nastajanja zla čiji su nosioci bili gore pomenute osobe. Takođe, objašnjava odnos modernog čoveka i tehničkog napretka, kao neko ko je [...]

    27. Hard to rate, as I read it up to 30 years ago. I'll rate as I judged then. It was big and fascinating for me then and I felt a trust for the author and what he told me. These days, I have to wonder. I don't believe potty-training plays a critical part in the formation of the adult human mind. Still, I suspect the author is a wise soul even if he talks within a frame of the theories of the day. From memory I felt him kind and wise. I'd have given five stars at eighteen. Heavy on the Nazis.

    28. Freudian; overtly biological. Too many accounts in reference to Freud and other Austrian School psychiatrists. Drags on and on. Nice introduction, but too many comparisons and way too much research data. (non-conclusive).

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